Widely known blues pioneers from the 1920s such as Son House, Blind Lemon Jefferson, Leadbelly, Charlie Patton and Robert Johnson normally did solo with simply a guitar. Occasionally they joined one or more fellow bluesmen to carry out in the plantation camps, rural juke joints, and rambling shacks of the Deep South. Blues bands may have advanced from very early big band, gospel choirs and also jug bands. Jug band songs were popular in the South until the 1930s. Early jug bands otherwise included jugs, guitars, mandolins, banjos, kazoos, stringed basses, harmonicas, fiddles, washboards and various other daily devices made into unrefined instruments.
When the country blues transferred to the cities as well as other areas, it tackled numerous local characteristics. Hence the St. Louis blues, the Memphis blues, the Louisiana blues, and so on. Chicago bluesmen such as John Lee Hooker and Muddy Waters were the very first to electrify the blues and include drums and piano in the late 1940s.
Today there are several tones of the blues. Kinds consist of:
Traditional county blues: A general term that defines the country blues of the Mississippi Delta, the Piedmont and other rural areas;
Jump blues: A danceable amalgam of swing and also blues and also a precursor to R&B. Jump blues was originated by Louis Jordan;
Boogie-woogie: A piano-based blues promoted by Meade Lux Lewis, Albert Ammons and also Pete Johnson, and originated from barrelhouse as well as jazz;
Chicago blues: Delta blues electrified;
Cool blues: An innovative piano-based kind that owes much to jazz;
West Coast blues: Made popular mostly by Texas musicians who moved to California. West Shore blues is heavily influenced by the swing beat.
The Texas blues, Memphis blues, and St. Louis blues contain a wide array of subgenres. Louisiana blues is defined by a swampy guitar or harmonica audio with great deals of echo, while Kansas City blues is jazz oriented– think Count Basie. There is likewise the British blues, a rock-blues hybrid spearheaded by John Mayall, Peter Green and Eric Clapton.